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Samuel Longfellow (1819-1892), brother of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, was a Unitarian minister.

"Simultaneously with the development of radical religious ideas in the 19th century, radical social ideas and ideals also developed. Again, Samuel [Longfellow] was not one of the prime movers, but he was a highly respected supporter of new or modified ideas who had influence on the direction things moved. The principles of the Universal Peace Union (UPU) was in keeping with Samuel's beliefs about peace he advocated at the beginning of the Civil War: war should not break peace for any reason. The UPU was formed just after the Civil War as a reaction against the American Peace Society's comprises during the War. 'The UPU labored to remove the causes of war, to discountenance all resorts to deadly force… They tolerated no compromise with the principles of love and nonviolence… The UPU denounced imperialism, compulsory, military training, memorials and war demonstrations, war taxes, capital punishment, the spread of white imperialism in Africa, the exclusion of Asian immigration and the continued denial of rights to native Americans.' The UPU was in advance of its time in that it accepted women to participate in the organization on an equal basis with men. In 1887-1888, Samuel Longfellow was one of the many vice-presidents of the UPU. Other reforms during this period addressed the economic aspect of living in America. Most of the socio-economic reform movements in America had their origin in Socialism, Communism and Fourierism that originated in Europe."

—Jospeh C. Abdo, The Quiet Radical: The Biography of Samuel Longfellow (2008)

Out of the Dark

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