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Ernest Howard Crosby (1856-1907) was an American Tolstoyan anarchist.

"Crosby, Ernest Howard (1856-1907) American social reformer, single-taxer, lecturer, author. A leading proponent of Tolstoyan anarchism in the United States, Crosby was also profoundly influenced by the ideas of abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison and the poet Walt Whitman. He succeeded his friend Theodore Roosevelt in 1887 as a representative to the New York state assembly, and in 1889 was appointed to the International Court in Egypt as a judge. In 1894, Crosby, influence by the ideas of Tolstoy, gave up his judgeship to advocate pacifism and anti-militarism as chairman of the New York branch of the Friends of Russian Freedom and president of the New York Anti-Militarist League (1900-1904). Crosby was also one of the founders and first president of the Social Reform Club of New York and president of the Anti-Imperialism League in New York as well was serving on the executive committee of the Brotherhood of the Kingdom, an interdenominational group formed to establish a 'Kingdom of God on Earth' in 1896. He offered to assist Emma Goldman in her attempt to secure a pardon for [Alexander] Berkman in 1898 and 1899 by acting as Berkman's spokesman and applying to Andrew Carnegie for his support, a plan which was eventually abandoned. Crosby was associate editor of the Christian Socialist journal Social Gospel (from 1891 to 1901) and editor of The Whim, 'a periodical with several tendencies' (from 1901 to 1904), and contributed a series of articles to The Kingdom (1895) on the abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison, in which he developed a seven-point program for a revolutionary movement, which included nonviolent resistance with a working class base. Crosby's publications from this period include Plain Talk in Psalm and Parable (London: Brotherhood Publishing, 1989), Edward Carpenter: Poet and Prophet (Philadelphia: The Conservator, 1901), and The Absurdities of Militarism (Boston: American Peace Society, 1901)."

—Candice Falk, Barry Pateman, and Jessica Moran, editors, Emma Goldman:

A Documentary History of the American Years, Volume 1: Made for America, 1890-1901

The Land of the Noonday Night


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